June 22, 2021 by Olga Put Spanish Grammar 0 comments
Ready to learn all about cuantos in Spanish?
Have you been searching the internet with terms like “cuantas translation,” “cuantas meaning,” or “cuantos definition”?
No, I didn’t get access to all your cookies, I just know what students at your level want and need to learn in relation to this topic!
In this blog post, learn how to say “how much” and “how many” in Spanish. I cover cuantos and cuantas in detail, share plenty of example sentences, and provide a multiple-choice quiz for you to test your skills at the end.
I promise that after learning this topic, you won’t fear going to local, Spanish-speaking stores to ask “how much is it?”—and, even better, you’ll understand when the seller asks you about the quantities of what you need.
Cuanto, Cuantos, Cuanta, Cuantas – What’s the Difference?
When you ask about quantity in English, you need to choose between “how many” and “how much” depending on whether the amount is countable or uncountable. Consider the difference between these two questions:
- How much money (uncountable noun) do you need?
- How many dollars (countable noun) do you need?
In Spanish, you don’t need to worry about these distinctions, but you need to take other aspects into consideration.
To start, you have four forms of this question word to choose from:
Additionally, they can also exist without the accent mark, when they’re not forming a question.
Let’s break this down into easily digestible pieces!
Cuánto, Cuánta, Cuántos, Cuántas – Gender and Number Agreement
The related forms of cuanto change depending on the gender and number of the noun that they count.
You surely remember that in Spanish the nouns are either masculine or feminine and they’re either singular or plural. This is all you need to know to solve the mystery of cuantos vs cuantas.
Simply put, the question word must agree in gender and number with the noun that follows it.
Consider this chart:
As you can see from the chart, normally the singular forms translate to “how much” and cuantos or cuantas in Spanish mean “how many” in English.
Example Sentences in Spanish
Let’s look at some example sentences!
¿Cuánta tarea hay para el lunes?
How much homework is there for Monday?
¿Cuánta leche necesito para el pastel?
How much milk do I need for the cake?
¿Cuánto dinero cuesta esto?
How much money does this cost?
¿Cuántos alumnos vinieron a clase?
How many students came to class?
¿Cuántas zanahorias crecen en tu jardín?
How many carrots grow in your garden?
¿Cuántas horas le dedicaste a este trabajo?
How many hours did you spend on this job?
How to Use Cuanto, Cuanta, Cuantos, Cuantas
While cuánto, cuánta, cuántos, and cuántas are question words (also known as “interrogatives”), they can also be relative adjectives, adverbs, or pronouns.
In all cases, they must agree in gender and number with the noun, however the placement and accent marks will be different in each case.
1. As Interrogatives
When cuánto, cuánta, cuántos, and cuántas function as interrogative (meaning they initiate a question), they always have an accent mark over the first letter a.
Keep in mind to add an upside-down question mark at the beginning of your question when you’re writing!
Learn more: What’s the Deal With the Upside Down Question Mark in Spanish?
¿Cuántos carros hay en el estacionamiento? Treinta.
How many cars are in the parking lot? Thirty.
The interrogatives can also appear without a noun to follow it, but it’s clear what it’s in reference to.
For example, if you’re talking to your friend about the cars in the parking lot, you can simply ask:
¿Cuántos hay? Treinta.
How many are there? Thirty.
How many? Thirty.
Cuánto as an interrogative precedes a verb and translates to “how much” in English.
How much do you work?
How much is it?
How much do you weigh?
2. As Relative Adjectives
When cuanto, cuanta, cuantos, and cuantas appear as relative adjectives they don’t have the accent mark over them, and they appear in the middle of a sentence before the noun they refer to. They don’t ask a question, instead they join two clauses together.
Le compraron tantas velas cuantos años cumplía.
They bought him as many candles as the years he was turning.
Compra cuanta agua necesites.
Buy as much water as you need.
No sé cuantos días tenemos libres.
I don’t know how many days off we have.
3. As Relative Pronouns
Cuanto, cuanta, cuantos, and cuantas can also introduce relative clauses when they appear as relative pronouns. They don’t have an accent mark but they need to agree in gender and number with the noun they refer to. They are equivalent to todo lo que and todos lo que.
Cuantos vieron el accidente, corrieron a ayudar.
Everybody that saw the accident ran to help.
Obtuvo el mismo resultado tantas veces cuantas repitió el experimento.
He got the same results as many times as he repeated the experiment.
Hizo tanto cuanto pudo.
He did as much as he could.
Take the Quiz on Cuanto, Cuanta, Cuantos, Cuantas
Put your skills to the test with the following questions! Note the gender and number of the nouns and try to remember in which situations you need to use the accent mark.
1. ¿ _________ libros tengo que leer este año?
2. ¿ __________ amigas tuyas tienen el reloj?
3. ¿ _______ cuesta este vestido?
4. ¿ _______ queso le pongo a la ensalada?
5. ¿ _______ agua bebiste ayer?
6. ¿ _______ tarea te dieron?
7. ¿ _______ tipos de helado hay aquí?
8. ¿ _______ años tardaste en hacerlo?
9. _______ le oían lo admiraban.
10. Grita _______ quieras, no te voy a hacer caso.
Cuanto, Cuanta, Cuantos, Cuantas Quiz
Wow, you've mastered the use of cuantos and cuantas! Good job!
You've got a solid understanding of how to use cuanto, cuanta, cuantos, and cuantas and the quality of your Spanish conversations are exploding through the roof!
Your consistent practice is leading to better results!
As you keep up your hard work and practice, you're starting to understand better how to use cuanto, cuanta, cuantos, and cuantas. For more study materials, keep up-to-date with our newest published blog posts at Homeschool Spanish Academy. *YOU'RE ALMOST THERE! You can do it!* Do you prefer learning with videos? Check out our YouTube channel Spanish Academy TV for the best Spanish learning content on the web!
Practice makes perfect! Keep on studying!
Your motivation to learn Spanish is an essential ingredient to success! If you're ready to take your Spanish to the next level and master the usage of cuanto, cuanta, cuantos, and cuantas, then join us for a free Spanish class with one of our friendly, certified, native Spanish-speaking teachers from Guatemala. Sign up today!
Practice With a Native Spanish Speaker!
Congratulations! You’ve learned a very important part of Spanish grammar that will help you during your travels to Spanish-speaking countries. You don’t have to go to that huge supermarket anymore, you can buy locally at the quaint markets and ask the vendors about the price.
And remember, the best way to practice your Spanish skills is in 1-on-1 conversations. To practice your skills in a student-tailored environment that meets you at your level, sign up for a free class with one of our native, Spanish-speaking teachers from Guatemala! Tell them you want to practice cuantos and cuantas to take your knowledge of expressing “how much” and “how many” in Spanish to the next level of fluency!
Ready to learn more Spanish grammar? Check these out!
- Hallar vs Encontrar: What’s the Difference?
- Meter vs Poner in Spanish: What’s the Difference?
- Introducir vs Presentar in Spanish: What’s the Difference?
- Apoyar vs Soportar in Spanish (Plus Aguantar and Mantener)
- Asistir vs Atender in Spanish: What’s the Difference?
- Hacer Conjugation: Free Spanish Lesson, Exercises, and PDF
- Solicitar vs Aplicar in Spanish: What’s the Difference?
- 35 Regular -AR Verbs in Spanish and How to Conjugate Them
- Recent Posts
Freelance Writer at Homeschool Spanish Academy
I'm a Spanish philologist, teacher, and freelance writer with a Master's degree in Humanities from Madrid. I speak Polish, Spanish, and English fluently, and want to get better in Portuguese and German. A lover of literature, and Mexican spicy cuisine, I've lived in Poland, Spain, and Mexico and I'm currently living and teaching in Madeira, Portugal.
Latest posts by Olga Put (see all)
- 7 Easy Ways To Homeschool Foreign Language - December 24, 2022
- 17 Beautifully Organized Homeschool Room Ideas on a Budget - December 23, 2022
- Hallar vs Encontrar: What’s the Difference? - December 20, 2022
grammar grammar quiz spanish grammar
In Spanish you can use the interrogative adjectives qué and cuánto/cuánta/cuántos/cuántas to express doubt, report a question, or ask a question in an indirect way, just as in English we can say Tell me what time it is, He asked me how much sugar there was and I don't know which dress to choose.How many is Cuantos? ›
As you can see from the chart, normally the singular forms translate to “how much” and cuantos or cuantas in Spanish mean “how many” in English.Is cuantos plural? ›
Another pronoun usage is with unos cuantos, meaning a few. This form will always be used in the plural, but it should also change gender according to the people it's referring to. Todos intentaron, pero solamente unos cuantos lograron entrar.Is cuanto masculine or feminine? ›
Asking for Prices
There are a couple of different ways to ask “how much does it cost?” in Spanish. Luckily, all of them use the word cuánto. This is because the Spanish words for price, money, and cost (precio, dinero, and costo) are all masculine and uncountable.
CUÁNTO, CUÁNTOS, CUÁNTA, CUÁNTAS are used when we want to know HOW MANY or HOW MUCH of something there is. These interrogatives (question words) are used for counting or measuring something.What does Cuantos mean? ›
The word cuántos (pronounced: KWAHN-tohs) means 'how many. ' As an interrogative word, it has an accent mark (á). Use it before masculine plural nouns in (direct or indirect) interrogative sentences.What's the difference between how much and how many? ›
Just remember: if you can count the noun, use many (the noun will always be plural). If you cannot count the noun, use much (the noun cannot be plural).What is the plural of cuál? ›
Now, remember that cuál has a plural form (cuáles), so if the answer would be more than one thing, you should ask cuáles instead of cuál.How do you tell if a Spanish word is singular or plural? ›
If the word ends in a vowel (a, e, i, o, u), just add the letter S at the end of the word. For instance: Cama (bed) ends in the letter A, so we just have to add S at the end of the word and the plural form would be camas (beds).What is cuanto cuesta mean? ›
how much does it cost.
¿Cuántos años tienes? How old are you?What is anos tienes? ›
How old are you? ¿How do you use the in a sentence give an example? ›
Here's another way to explain it: The is used to refer to a specific or particular member of a group. For example, "I just saw the most popular movie of the year." There are many movies, but only one particular movie is the most popular. Therefore, we use the.How do you use examples in a sentence? ›
Noun He set a good example for the rest of us. She gave several examples to show that the program is effective. We've chosen three examples of contemporary architecture for closer study.What is after Cincuenta? ›
After that you could take a look at the numbers for the multiples of ten: veinte, treinta, cuarenta, cincuenta, sesenta, setenta, ochenta and noventa.Do you use subjunctive with en cuanto? ›
With time expressions like cuando (when) and en cuanto que (as soon as), we use the subjunctive when the action hasn't happened or been completed yet, and the indicative for things that have already happened.What does que mean in mexican? ›
Que is a conjunction or a relative pronoun, it is usually translated by that... or which/who.Do we say much money or many money? ›
The word money is a noncount noun, but monetary units—such as dollar, pound, euro, and franc—are countable. So then you should say "how much money" but "how many dollars/pounds/euros/francs." Learn more about count and noncount nouns here. I hope this helps.What is the plural of ولد? ›
ولاد • (wlād) children; boys; sons. plural of ولد (walad, “boy”)What is the plural of طالب? ›
طالب • (tālib) m (plural طالبان (tālibān))
Every proper sentence in Spanish must have a subject and a verb. There is also a proper place for subjects and verbs in a sentence. Begin a sentence with the subject (the person, place, or thing you're talking about). Follow that with the verb, and then the rest of the sentence (where, how, etc).What are the rules for numbers in Spanish? ›
There's no real pattern, you just have to learn them: uno, dos, tres, cuatro, cinco, seis, siete, ocho, nueve, diez, once, doce, trece, catorce, quince. Other than veinte (again), they all have a clear relationship with the related smaller number: cuatro <-> cuarenta, ocho <-> ochenta, etc.What are the two rules to make Spanish nouns plural? ›
In order to make a plural noun in Spanish, add an -s to the end of words that end in a vowel. The definite articles also change when forming a plural noun. “El” becomes “los” and “la” becomes “las“.What is the rule for singular and plural verbs? ›
How do you recognise a singular or plural verb? A singular verb is one that has an s added to it in the present tense, such as writes, plays, runs, and uses forms such as is, was, has, does. A plural verb does not have an s added to it, such as write, play, run, and uses forms such as are, were, have and do.How do you say prices in Mexico? ›
¿Cuánto cuesta? This means “How much does it cost?” If you want to know the total of what you are buying, not the cost of a single article, you would say ¿Cuánto es?, which means “how much is it?”How do you say low price in Spanish? ›
Meaning of low-price in English. used to describe things that do not cost much: Supermarkets bombard their customers with low-price offers.How do you say dollar in Spanish slang? ›
If you want to say the word for “money” in Spanish, you would generally say “dinero” or “el dinero.” However, a fairly common slang term for money is “plata.” And you can easily find a few dozen other terms across the Spanish-speaking world.How do you say how old I am Spanish? ›
In Spanish, we use the verb tener (to have) to talk about age. To say I am [number] years old, we use tengo + [number of years] + años. Yo tengo veintiséis años. I am twenty-six years old.What is tres anos? ›
The second much-anticipated birthday is a child's third birthday, the Presentación de Tres Años. This milestone celebrates a child's life with a day-long celebration.What is the meaning of No Tengo? ›
I don't have.
masculine noun. welcome. Il nous a remerciés de notre accueil. He thanked us for our welcome.What is the difference between the words Cuándo and Cuánto? ›
"Cuándo" is a form of "cuándo", an adverb which is often translated as "when". "Cuánto" is a form of "cuánto", an adjective which is often translated as "how much".Which is the best way to use ojalá? ›
Ojalá is a very commonly used expression in Spanish that means I hope that… when it is followed by El Presente de Subjuntivo. It is always followed by the subjunctive mood, never by the indicative. The structure ojalá + El Presente de Subjuntivo is used in sentences with a future idea.What is the difference between qué and cuál? ›
Qué and cuál are question words. Qué is invariable, so it always has the same form regardless of whether the verb or noun that follows it is singular or plural. Cuál has two forms, so can be either cuál or cuáles when asking about singular or plural things.What is the difference between Cuándo and Cuando? ›
Remember: Cuándo = when = "at what moment in time" (interrogative and exclamative adverb) Cuando = when (relative adverb)What is the meaning of quantos? ›
how many; what number quotations ▼Do you ever use Vosotros? ›
Vosotros is used when an individual person or speaker is addressing a group of 2 or more people. Vosotros in English stands for “you” as the plural “you and others.”What pronoun is only used in Spain? ›
o It is important to note that the pronoun vosotros is only used in Spain. Other Spanish-speaking countries prefer ustedes.When should you use Estoy? ›
“Estoy” is the term that is used when we talk about the states or variable things. Like when we talk about somebody's mood, location, or weather. This means that I am fed up. And as it is said earlier it represents the mood and which is a temporary state.How do you respond to Qué te gusta? ›
The answer will be sí, me gusta(n)… or no, no me gusta(n)…
historia and cuento are pretty much interchangeable, but we wouldn't use "cuento" for a real story, only for fiction. Historia is used for both fiction and real.What do Cuándo es tu cumpleaños mean? ›
informal) When is your birthday? –What does cuando mean in Spanish slang? ›
The Spanish word cuando usually the equivalent of the English "when," although its use is far more versatile than the English word. It can serve as a preposition, conjunction, or adverb, and it frequently is used in situations where "when" doesn't work as a translation.