Brain Toxins, Dementia and the Tap Water Dilemma- Neurological Associates (2023)

It doesn’t rain often in Los Angeles. When it does rain, it can be torrential. After one such deluge, a casual walk along the beach can present quite the surprise. The normally sparkling surf is replaced with a dense brownish froth stretching out to sea as if we are living in a B Level Horror Movie. All that toxic froth comes from detergents, petroleum products, human and animal waste, pesticides, herbicides, microbes, inorganic chemicals, metallic particulates and plastic nanoparticles. Some of these contaminants are washed out of the atmosphere and some are rinsed off the land. We don’t often see the same scene play out along the lakes, rivers and aqueducts that channel into the city’s water supply; nevertheless, this toxic run off and atmospheric washout conjures a vast array of pollutants. The Environmental Protection Agency lists several categories of contaminants that require scrutiny including microbes, disinfectants such as chlorine and chloramine, organic and inorganic chemicals and radioactive substances.

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While large scale municipal water treatment plants are set up to minimize pollutants below allowable limits (Maximum Contaminant Level, MCL) they are not incentivized to minimize pollutants to levels with no known or expected risk to health (Maximum Contaminant Level Goal, MCLG). The end result is a compromise that meets an estimated risk level but does not necessarily meet ideal health and safety goals. Municipal water treatment often involves a relatively crude but inexpensive processing system that involves adding coagulants such as aluminum sulfate, filtering in relatively large pore systems and final treatment with chlorine to kill microbes. The post processing distribution systems often use old pipes that can contaminate water before reaching consumers.

Several of the residual allowable pollutants are known or suspected to be directly neurotoxic such as pesticides and fertilizer residues, lead, arsenic, cadmium, zinc, copper and aluminum. Chlorine, added as a disinfectant to water treatment may have substantial indirect effects. If there is enough chlorine and chlorine metabolites to kill bacteria in the drinking water, after ingestion there may be effects on the resident microbiome in the gut. Any resulting disturbance in microbial balance can initiate a cascade of inflammatory mechanisms and gut brain interactions that may factor in the development of Parkinson’s and Alzheimer’s disease.

Small particulate matter is not specifically scrutinized on the Environmental and Protective Agency website even though there is emerging evidence of its effect on the development of degenerative brain conditions such as Alzheimer’s disease and Parkinson’s disease. Among others, the research of Lilian Calderon Garciduenas demonstrates how small particles of metallic debris from internal combustion engines and vehicular braking in an urban environment can be swallowed or inhaled, thereby penetrating biological barriers and eventuating in the brain where it causes cumulative damage. These particles are small, in the size range of 30 to 100 nanometers, less than 1/10,000 the size of a red cell; a billion would fit on the head of a pin. Particles cling to water droplets so that these nanoparticles end up in surface and ground water. Once in the water supply, these particles are so small, they would easily pass through the filters that are typically used to purify drinking water.

The wind carries these particles throughout Earth’s atmosphere, even to remote mountain air. With rain, these plastic nanoparticles end up in our water supply. After consumption they may be found in the central nervous system where they appear to excite an inflammatory process and cause brain dysfunction. Plastic nanoparticle pollution and its effect on human brain degenerative processes is likely to become more evident with additional research. Furthermore, the problem is likely to accelerate as plastic use becomes even more prevalent.

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The emergence of widespread and dangerous air and water pollutants and other factors related to urbanized society does not just affect the health of our planet. Age-related and brain degenerative diseases are newly prevalent problems that were not often recognized in historical references. It is sometimes argued that these conditions were not recognized because people died at early ages due to infectious disease and other maladies of the past. But when less industrialized societies are studied, there is a lower incidence of degenerative neurological diseases compared to more industrialized societies.

The above mentioned work from Mexico City showing early Alzheimer’s disease changes in children exposed to urban pollution is also relevant to this discussion. Parkinson’s, with its easily recognized stooped posture, tremor and rigidity was not frequently encountered until the time of post industrialized England. In short, degenerative neurological disease appears to become more problematic in urbanized and industrialized society with its attendant air and water pollution along with other factors related to modern civilization. With the emergence of new forms of nanoparticle pollution, the accelerating and deleterious effects on the mental health of humankind appear unavoidable, in spite of small improvements in worldwide incidence trends of neurological degenerative conditions attributed to control of other risk factors including obesity, hypertension and diabetes.

While we wait for government agencies to recognize the dangers of new forms of pollution and hope that municipal water treatment programs become more vigilant and efficacious, we must consider options that may be implemented on an individual basis. Installing an under the sink purification system that filters down to the nanometer range is a great option for home owners. Commercial systems that apply reverse osmosis fulfill this first requirement. Such a system would eliminate microbes and nanoparticles. Chlorine and chloramine disinfection chemicals may be eliminated with charcoal filters or UV light. Home test kits are available for these pollutants, which are well known to fish tank hobbyists and home brewery aficionados. For those unable to install under the sink systems, look for a countertop reverse osmosis filtration system that removes smaller particulates including viruses and also absorbs chlorine and other pollutants.

For those “on the go” as in gym workouts or outdoor activities, or those who don’t process their own water, commercially bottled water is an alternative choice. Bottled water may also be required for emergencies including natural disasters. Weight, convenience and the potential for breakage become additional considerations when deciding on whether to buy plastic or glass bottled products. Note that when buying glass bottles, often times the cap is still plastic. The presence of potential chemical and nanoparticle contamination by plastic is a factor that needs to be considered. The relative environmental impact of glass or plastic containers and actual chances of recycling these elements is a complex matter, but nevertheless is a very important consideration for world health that should be included in the decision process by individual consumers.

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The source of bottled water is another factor to consider. “Naturally” sourced water may originate in springs that are potentially exposed to all of the same elements that make municipal water problematic. Consider a remote source removed from industrial pollution with underground collection and a reduced chances of atmospheric exposure. Commercially purified water may be an alternative, however, the purification steps and the choices of bottle composition for a particular vendor should implement measures in order to minimize particulates, microbes and chemical contaminants.

Currently, there isn’t a great solution. For those who don’t want to purify their own water, an ideal bottled water would have to come from an underground aquifer in a remote location or the water should be purified water subjected to reverse osmosis and placed in glass bottles with a metal top. Ideally, the water should be purified right before it is bottled and consumed.

So do you take the chance of turning the faucet?

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What toxins cause dementia? ›

Toxic causes of dementia include exposure to heavy metals such as lead, mercury and aluminum as well as to carbon monoxide and solvents. Autoimmune conditions include such entities as multiple sclerosis, systemic lupus erythematosus, Behçet's disease and Sjögren's syndrome.

What does tap water do to your brain? ›

Water helps your brain cells communicate with each other, clears out toxins and waste that impairs brain function, and carries nutrients to your brain. This all falls apart if your fluid levels drop. Staying hydrated has been linked to: Faster decision making and improved performance on cognitive tests.

Can well water cause neurological problems? ›

The new study of more than 700 people in California's Central Valley found that those who likely consumed contaminated private well water had a higher rate of Parkinson's.

Can a chemical imbalance cause dementia? ›

There are over 70 different types of dementia and this one word is often used to describe them all. Some of the most common types are: Alzheimer's disease This is caused by a chemical imbalance in the brain producing a build up of protein called plaques and tangles in and around the brain cells.

Does copper cause Alzheimer's? ›

Dementias may be a result of the various plaques copper can induce, the most prevalent of which are amyloid-beta plaques associated with Alzheimer's disease [35].

What household product causes dementia? ›

Aluminum: Aluminum is a neurotoxin that has been proved to contribute to the development of Alzheimer's disease as well as other issues with cognition and memory. Aluminum is extremely common and is frequently found in beverage containers and cooking pots and pans.

What are 5 common toxins? ›

Dr. Melissa Lem shows us some common foods that can harm your health, and explains why we should cut them out.
  • Canned Tomato Sauce. Toxin: Bisphenol A (BPA) ...
  • Grilled Meat. Toxin: Free Radicals. ...
  • Peanut Butter. Toxin: Aflatoxin. ...
  • Tuna. Toxin: Mercury. ...
  • Butter-Flavoured Microwave Popcorn. Toxin: Diacetyl.
2 May 2015

Why we should not drink tap water directly? ›

Drinking water directly from the tap is dangerous for health. It contains a number of harmful germs. This can cause several water-borne diseases like typhoid, cholera and much more. We should purify tap water before drinking it.

What happens if you drink too much tap water? ›

When you drink too much water, you may experience water poisoning, intoxication, or a disruption of brain function. This happens when there's too much water in the cells (including brain cells), causing them to swell.

Is it OK to drink tap water everyday? ›

Although it's true that the water in some cities contains trace amounts of pollutants, most healthy adults can still safely drink from the tap in most areas—and, in fact, tap water remains the most cost-effective, convenient way to stay hydrated.

What diseases can tap water cause? ›

Contaminated water and poor sanitation are linked to transmission of diseases such as cholera, diarrhoea, dysentery, hepatitis A, typhoid and polio.

What is the most common disease caused by contaminated water? ›

Diarrhea. The most common of all water-borne diseases, diarrhea, mainly affects children below five years of age. The symptoms include dizziness, dehydration, pale skin, and loss of consciousness in severe cases.

Can contaminated water cause neuropathy? ›

These data suggest a threshold for the occurrence of peripheral neuropathy due to arsenic exposure, and indicate that the arsenic concentration in drinking water should be less than 10 ppb to ensure human health.

What is an environmental trigger for dementia? ›

It has been suggested that approximately a third of Alzheimer's dementia cases could be attributed to seven potentially modifiable risk factors: diabetes, midlife hypertension and obesity, smoking, depression, cognitive inactivity, and low educational attainment [13, 14].

What triggers chemical imbalance in the brain? ›

Drug and alcohol use, as well as certain medications, also contribute. Lastly, psychological factors such as situations leading to loneliness and isolation can cause mental health problems. There does seem to be a link between chemical imbalances and mental health.

What heavy metals cause dementia? ›

In cell and animal model systems, lead, cadmium, and manganese are well documented neurotoxicants that contribute to canonical Alzheimer's disease pathologies. Adult human epidemiologic studies have consistently shown lead, cadmium, and manganese are associated with impaired cognitive function and cognitive decline.

Is aluminum in deodorant linked to Alzheimer's? ›

Aluminum and Alzheimer's

However, according to the studies, the aluminum used in antiperspirants is not actually absorbed as it reacts with sweat on top of the skin. There is no evidence to suggest that aluminum caused Alzheimer's.

Can Drinking out of aluminum cans cause Alzheimer's? ›

The exact role (if any) of aluminum in Alzheimer's disease is still being researched and debated. However, most researchers believe that not enough evidence exists to consider aluminum a risk factor for Alzheimer's or a cause of dementia.

What is the number 1 cause of dementia? ›

Alzheimer's disease is the most common cause of a progressive dementia in older adults, but there are a number of other causes of dementia. Depending on the cause, some dementia symptoms might be reversible.

What are the nine prescription drugs that cause dementia? ›

Some anticholinergic drugs linked to dementia risk include:
  • Amitriptyline (Elavil)
  • Aripiprazole (Abilify)
  • Benztropine (Cogentin)
  • Biperiden (Akineton)
  • Brompheniramine (Dimaphen DM)
  • Carbamazepine (Tegretol)
  • Chlorpheniramine (ChlorTrimeton)
  • Chlorpromazine (Thorazine)
16 Jun 2022

What are the 3 foods that fight memory loss? ›

What are the foods that fight memory loss? Berries, fish, and leafy green vegetables are 3 of the best foods that fight memory loss. There's a mountain of evidence showing they support and protect brain health.

Which foods have hidden toxins? ›

Common Foods That Can Be Toxic
  • Cherry Pits. 1/12. The hard stone in the center of cherries is full of prussic acid, also known as cyanide, which is poisonous. ...
  • Apple Seeds. 2/12. ...
  • Elderberries. 3/12. ...
  • Nutmeg. 4/12. ...
  • Green Potatoes. 5/12. ...
  • Raw Kidney Beans. 6/12. ...
  • Rhubarb Leaves. 7/12. ...
  • Bitter Almonds. 8/12.
21 Apr 2021

What is the most toxic thing in the human body? ›

The most poisonous part of your body is probably your liver - more specifically, the fat-soluble vitamin A that is stored there. Your liver stores it in a safe form, and releases it and its breakdown products in a controlled manner for use by your body.

How do you know if you have toxin in your body? ›

Symptoms of toxicity can be varied and may include: poor circulation, swelling, headaches, migraines, stress, anxiety, depression, allergies, poor skin, yeast, arthritis, fatigue, constipation, obesity, cellulite, sinus issues, gout, digestive disorders, cold/respiratory disorders, insomnia, bloating, and gas.

Which bottled water is the safest to drink? ›

The Best (and Worst) Bottled Waters of 2022
  • Naleczowianka — Score: 89/100. ...
  • Evian — Score: 90/100. ...
  • Smeraldina — Score: 92/100. ...
  • Smartwater — Score: 93/100. ...
  • Fiji — Score: 98/100. ...
  • Roundy's Purified Drinking Water — Score: 99/100. ...
  • Do you notice differences in the taste of water from different brands and your tap?
5 Aug 2022

Why do we boil tap water before drinking it? ›

Boiling the water kills microorganisms such as bacteria, viruses, or protozoans that can cause disease. Boiling makes the tap water microbiologically safe. Bring tap water to a full rolling boil, let it boil for one minute, and let it cool before using.

Is bottled water safer than tap water? ›

Overall, both tap and bottled water are considered good ways to hydrate. However, tap water is generally a better option, as it's just as safe as bottled water but costs considerably less and has a much lower environmental impact.

How much tap water should you drink a day? ›

About 15.5 cups (3.7 liters) of fluids a day for men. About 11.5 cups (2.7 liters) of fluids a day for women.

What happens to your body when you drink a gallon of water a day? ›

Water Provides an Energy Boost

One reason to aim for a gallon of water each day is that, according to WebMD, doing so may significantly boost your energy level. Low energy is a common problem. Some people start to slump in the afternoon and would sooner reach for a soda or a cup of coffee than a glass of water.

How often should you drink tap water? ›

To reduce the risk of alcohol-related harms, the 2020-2025 Dietary Guidelines for Americans recommends that adults of legal drinking age can choose not to drink, or to drink in moderation by limiting intake to 2 drinks or less in a day for men or 1 drink or less in a day for women, on days when alcohol is consumed.

What is the healthiest water to drink? ›

Mineral and pure spring water are some of the healthiest water you can drink because they're clean and contain all the essential minerals your body needs. Filtered water removes contaminants but might also remove essential minerals.

How long should you run tap water before drinking it? ›

Let the water run before using it for drinking or cooking. If you have a lead service line, let the water run for 3-5 minutes. If you do not have a lead service line, let the water run for 30-60 seconds. The more time water has been sitting in your pipes, the more lead it may contain.

Can you drink water from the bathroom sink? ›

Drinking water straight from bathroom taps poses a health risk. Despite advances in sanitation worldwide, there are more than 180 countries where tap water is considered unsafe for tourists. In these countries, it would be doubly unsafe to drink water from bathroom taps.

Can tap water cause mental health issues? ›

It's not hard to imagine how fearing that your water is unsafe to drink or will be shut off could contribute to stress, anxiety, or depression. But emerging scientific research also suggests that a common drinking water pollutant—lead—impacts mental health.

What bacteria grows in tap water? ›

Two main groups of bacteria found in tap water are:
  • Coliform Bacteria. Coliform bacteria is a group of bacteria that is naturally found in soil, plants and the digestive tracts of people and animals. ...
  • Heterotrophic Bacteria. Heterotrophic bacteria are generally found in all water supplies.

What are the symptoms of tap water? ›

Illness: Common symptoms include diarrhea, gas, greasy stools (poop), stomach cramps or pain, upset stomach, nausea, vomiting, or dehydration (loss of fluids).

What are 4 diseases that spreads through water? ›

Commonly recognized waterborne infections are:
  • Cryptosporidiosis (Cryptosporidium)
  • Cyclosporiasis (Cyclospora spp.)
  • Escherichia coli O157:H7 Infection (E. ...
  • Giardiasis (Giardia)
  • Harmful Algal Blooms (HABs)
  • Hot Tub Rash (Pseudomonas Dermatitis/Folliculitis)
  • Legionellosis (Legionella)
20 Oct 2022

What are the 3 major waterborne diseases? ›

Common Waterborne Diseases
  • Typhoid Fever. This highly contagious disease is quite common in developing countries with a lack of sanitation and no access to clean food and water. ...
  • Cholera. ...
  • Giardia. ...
  • Dysentery. ...
  • E. ...
  • Hepatitis A. ...
  • Salmonella.

What are 10 diseases caused by polluted water? ›

Diseases caused by polluted beach water, including: Gastroenteritis. Diarrhea. Encephalitis.
Water Pollution Diseases
  • Typhoid.
  • Giardiasis.
  • Amoebiasis.
  • Ascariasis.
  • Hookworm.

What is the toxic enzyme that causes neuropathy? ›

“This is a very interesting and novel concept that the antibacterial enzyme lysozyme, which is a prominent innate immune enzyme, could also be expressed by neurons and contribute to neuropathic pain.

What toxins cause nerve damage? ›

Common causes include: exposure to lead, mercury, arsenic and thalium. Some organic insecticides and solvents can result in neuropathies. Sniffing glue or other toxic compounds can also cause peripheral neuropathy.

How long after drinking contaminated water do you show symptoms? ›

Symptoms begin 30 minutes to 8 hours after exposure: Nausea, vomiting, stomach cramps. Most people also have diarrhea.

How do I reset my brain chemistry? ›

5 Tips for Rebooting Your Brain
  1. Develop Healthy Sleep Habits. Sleep is our body's method of resetting and replenishing itself—including (and especially) the brain. ...
  2. Eat a Healthy Diet. There's a deeper connection between the brain and the gut than most people realized. ...
  3. Meditation/Mindfulness Exercises. ...
  4. Get Outside. ...
  5. Exercise.

How do you get rid of chemical imbalance in the brain? ›

There are also natural activities that may help increase the levels of serotonin in your brain, such as taking regular walks, meditating, and exercising or practicing yoga. Individuals experiencing chemical imbalances could also benefit from counseling, therapy, and support meetings.

How can I balance my brain chemicals naturally? ›

Getting enough sleep, exercising, listening to music, meditating, and spending time in the sun can all boost dopamine levels. Overall, a balanced diet and lifestyle can go a long way in increasing your body's natural production of dopamine and helping your brain function at its best.

What Colours are dementia friendly? ›

furniture and furnishings in bright or bold colours that contrast with the walls and floors, including beds, tables and chairs. contrasting colours for doors and banisters to make them stand out. a toilet seat in a contrasting colour to the rest of the bathroom.

What chemicals can cause dementia? ›

Toxic causes of dementia include exposure to heavy metals such as lead, mercury and aluminum as well as to carbon monoxide and solvents.

What trauma causes dementia? ›

Head injury is a significant risk factor for dementia, but it's one that can be prevented. Our findings show that the number of head injuries matter – more head injuries are associated with greater risk for dementia,” said lead investigator, Andrea L.C. Schneider, MD, PhD, an assistant professor of Neurology at Penn.

Is there a test for chemical imbalance in the brain? ›

There is no reliable test for a chemical imbalance in the brain. Symptoms of mental health conditions such as anxiety or depression may indicate some problems with the way the brain—including the chemicals in the brain—is functioning.

How long does it take for brain chemicals to rebalance? ›

These factors may vary by person but generally involve how long it may take to restore dopamine levels to normal and natural levels. Typically, it takes about 90 days to notice a difference with experiences of pleasure and dopamine levels. Consider the following: How long have you been using drugs?

What are the 3 chemicals in the brain? ›

Brain Chemistry & Your Mood: 4 Hormones That Promote Happiness
  • Serotonin.
  • Dopamine.
  • Endorphins.
  • Oxytocin.
13 Sept 2021

How do you get rid of heavy metals in the brain? ›

Dietary fiber: Various foods rich in fiber, such as fruit and grains with bran, may help remove heavy metals. Researchers have found fiber to reduce mercury levels in the brain and blood.

What are some of the signs and symptoms of heavy metal toxicity in humans? ›

What are the symptoms of heavy metal poisoning?
  • Abdominal pain.
  • Chills or a low body temperature.
  • Dehydration.
  • Diarrhea.
  • Feeling weak.
  • Nausea or vomiting.
  • A scratchy feeling in your throat.
  • Numbness or prickly sensation in your hands and feet.
7 Jul 2022

What foods are high in aluminum? ›

The most commonly used foods that may contain substantial amounts of aluminium-containing food additives are processed cheeses, baking powders, cake mixes, frozen dough, pancake mixes, self-rising flours and pickled vegetables (Lione 1983).

Why are people switching to aluminum free deodorant? ›

Some benefits of using an aluminum-free deodorant may include: Allowing your body to sweat freely using its natural process. Avoiding aluminum in your beauty products. Unclogged armpit pores.

Is zinc good for Alzheimer's? ›

Zinc supplementation use is associated with reduced prevalence of Alzheimer's disease and slower cognitive decline during disease development.

What are symptoms of aluminum toxicity? ›

Symptoms of aluminum toxicity such as anemia and impaired iron absorption decrease the number of red blood cells.
  • Confusion.
  • Muscle weakness.
  • Bones that hurt, change shape, or break.
  • Seizures.
  • Speech problems.
  • Slow growth (in children)

What are 5 possible causes of dementia? ›

Dementia is caused by damage to or changes in the brain.
Common causes of dementia are:
  • Alzheimer's disease. ...
  • Vascular dementia. ...
  • Parkinson's disease. ...
  • Dementia with Lewy bodies. ...
  • Frontotemporal dementia. ...
  • Severe head injury.

What are the two most common causes of dementia? ›

The two major degenerative causes of dementia are Alzheimer's disease (the progressive loss of nerve cells without known cause) and vascular dementia (i.e. loss of brain function due to a series of small strokes).

What kind of poison causes memory loss? ›

There may be behavioral and neurological changes associated with overexposure to mercury poisoning, such as excitability and quick-tempered behavior, lack of concentration, and loss of memory. Shock and permanent brain damage may also be result from mercury poisoning.

What does the Bible say about dementia? ›

Scripture assures us that nothing can separate us from the love of God, not even a dementia that may strip a person of her awareness of God's presence (Romans 8:38-29).

What is the most common cause of death in dementia patients? ›

One of the most common causes of death for people with dementia is pneumonia caused by an infection. A person in the later stages of dementia may have symptoms that suggest that they are close to death, but can sometimes live with these symptoms for many months.

What do dementia patients think about? ›

People with dementia think about the same things that any human thinks about — emotions, relationships, daily life, tasks to accomplish, and more. Receiving a life-changing diagnosis of dementia does not strip a person of their humanity and personhood.

What are signs that dementia is getting worse? ›

increasing confusion or poor judgment. greater memory loss, including a loss of events in the more distant past. needing assistance with tasks, such as getting dressed, bathing, and grooming. significant personality and behavior changes, often caused by agitation and unfounded suspicion.

What are the last stages of dementia before death? ›

Signs of the final stages of dementia include some of the following: Being unable to move around on one's own. Being unable to speak or make oneself understood. Eating problems such as difficulty swallowing.

What poisons cause neurological problems? ›

The common poisons discussed here that cause neurological effects are metaldehyde and tremorgenic mycotoxins, which can cause rapid onset seizures; cannabis, which can cause prolonged sedation in companion animals; permethrin, which is associated with prolonged seizures, particularly in cats; and ivermectin, which can ...

What in your house can cause memory loss? ›

In many cases mold, carbon monoxide poisoning, or other toxins damage the brain and result in decreased neurological function including memory loss, small personality changes, difficulty concentrating and other symptoms that often lead to misdiagnosis.

What drug affects memory the most? ›

Here are 10 of the top types of offenders.
  1. Antianxiety drugs (Benzodiazepines) ...
  2. Cholesterol-lowering drugs (Statins) ...
  3. Antiseizure drugs. ...
  4. Antidepressant drugs (Tricyclic antidepressants) ...
  5. Narcotic painkillers. ...
  6. Parkinson's drugs (Dopamine agonists) ...
  7. Hypertension drugs (Beta-blockers)
9 Feb 2016


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